|Water – a neglected resource:
|About 1,2 billion people worldwide do not have access to clean and sanitary facilities. Result: Every year about 250 million people fall ill and 5 million people die through contaminated water.
|Population growth and the explosive progress of huge cities in Asia and Africa will lead to a boom in water consumption. Especially industrialization in countries in Asia and Central America and the expansion of agricultural acreage will have a fatal affect.
|Global water consumption will increase 2,5 times faster than world population. The pollution will increase with
consumption and with it the hazard of epidemics and diseases.
|The availability of water is required for the economic development of a country. The UN counts about 200 water-conflicts in Africa and the Middle East alone. The conflict between Israel and Jordan regarding Jordan’ water is well-known.
|Agriculture, industry and population compete frequently for scarcely available water. The population is often the one who loses.
|Globally 80% of fresh water is used for agriculture and is contaminated by fertilizers and pesticides. Large amounts of water end up in the cooling- and cleaning process in areas where industry is settled. The consequences are fatal. The poorest of the poor have to buy expensive drinking water from tank vehicles.
|All biologic and industrial processes in life are depending on water:
|Without water there is no energy, production, agriculture and hygiene.
|Someone in our environment who turns on the faucet will get clean water in abundance. Then who cares that so many people are endangered by water shortage.
|But the supply of clean drinking water isn’t a matter of course anymore even in wealthy countries. The number of cases of illness, the rate of pollution grows and the waste of water is enormous.
|At the same time about 36 billion m3 of freshwater on the earth are anything but evenly spread. The world is subdivided into the North with high water content and the arid South.
|Developing countries that dispose of sufficient groundwater have neither the means nor technology to make this resource accessible.
|You don’t even have to leave Europe or the U.S.A if you are looking for water-distressed areas. There isn’t any clean groundwater in some regions of Poland, Hungary and the Ukraine anymore. Waste of water is normal. Contamination and wastage is not controlled.
|The lack of clean drinking water in Eastern Europe is more than a regional problem. It is a big restraint for the future agricultural development of these countries.
|The hazard of germinated water increases:
|People who believe that there are no water-problems in Western industrial countries are wrong. The hazard of germinated water increases. New cholera stock, toxic e.coli bacteria, legionella, protozoa, etc. are responsible for the increase of numbers of water-diseases even in countries with plenty of clean drinking-water.
|Conventional water-disinfection through chlorination is not enough in most cases. 14.000 cases of disease were registered in Sweden in 1995 that lead back to water-germination. The causative organism in 76% of the infections could not be identified.
|Experts assume that one third of the gastro-intestinal diseases in the industrial countries are caused by inadequately filtered water. The Drinking Water Ordinance dictates that water has to be free of pathogenic germs which can cause infections or contagious diseases.
|Escherichia coli (e.coli), Enterococcus and coliform bacteria are numbered among these and are credited as indicator organisms. When e.coli is detected then it is considered as an evidence for fecal contamination. Such contaminations are basically hazards of infectuous diseases and have to be taken seriously.
|Bacterial und viral contaminations of drinking water can cause severe diarrhea-illnesses that are life-threatening especially to infants and toddlers but also adults and children with weak immune defense. If wounds are cleaned with polluted water it can lead to severe wound-infections.
|From the point of view of the Robert Koch Institute, not only drinking water or water used to prepare food have to be drinking water quality in terms of the Drinking Water Ordinance. Even water for body hygiene, washing and cleaning should meet the requirements of the Drinking Water Ordinance.